Types of Positions in Diving


When a diver takes off into mid air, his/her body has to be held in one of four positions: tuck, pike, straight or free. Each of these positions is designated by a letter on the diving score sheet.

  • Straight – A
  • Pike – B
  • Tuck – C
  • Free – D

Straight Position

As its name suggest, the straight position is characterized by no bend in either the hips or knees. As for the arm position, it is decided by the diver.

Pike Position

The pike position is performed with the knees straightened and the body bent at the waist. A proper pike position will not have any gap between the upper body and the legs. The pike position can be performed in three ways. Firstly, with the hands touching the feet. Secondly, by extending out from the body in an open pike position. Lastly, with the arms wrapped around the legs in a closed pike position.

Tuck Position

The tuck position resembles the shape of a ball, with bent knees and legs pulled as close to the body as possible. Each hand should be able to grasp the leg on the shin, midway between the knee and the ankle. The toes should be pointed and the legs kept together.

Free Position

The free position is used exclusively during twisting dives. It involves a combination of the straight, pike or tuck positions. The legs must be kept together with the toes pointed at all times in this position.