A muscle cramp occurs when your muscle are tightens. This causes a sudden severe pain. Research shows, overexertion and dehydration are the main cause of cramp. It is a signal to your body that you don’t have enough fluid in your system.

Now, how can you prevent a muscle cramp during swimming?

Step No. 1: Balance the amount of electrolytes in your body. Electrolytes are minerals such as sodium, magnesium, calcium and potassium that help your body cells to function normally. A cramp occurs usually when we have too much or too little of one or more electrolytes. So, always prepare water with electrolytes. When you need it, drink it!

Step No. 2: Stretch before you swim. Cramps may also occur when your body are changing from less activity to aggressive movement. By doing proper stretch, you are preparing your muscle to more intense training. Your muscle will be loosen after the stretch, hence your body will be able to accept more intense movement.

Step No. 3: Drink at least eight glasses of water everyday. By drinking that amount of water,it will help to prevent dehydration, which plays an important role in causing the muscle cramp.

Step No. 4: Swim regularly. Most people who suffer from muscle cramp did not exercise regularly. Muscles are not able to accept the sudden aggressive movement and cause them to be tighten and shorten.

Most often people get cramps in their calves, however, you can also get them in your thighs, feet or just about any muscle. Cramps can be eased by a few simple methods as mentioned below.

1. Relax the tighten area by massaging.
2. Use ice treatment. Put the ice on tighten area.
3. Do leg stretching to loosen the muscle.
4. Drink plenty of water.

Thank you for reading this article. I hope this article will provide you useful information. By the way, please come by https://www.swimminglessons.com.sg if you wish to know more about swimming lesson in Singapore.

Tan Jian Yong is the founder of Happy Fish Swim School – Singapore Swimming Lessons. He was formerly a Malaysia swimmer who compete in several international competition.

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